National Coral Reef Monitoring Plan Implementation: Biological and Socioeconomic Monitoring
Project Status: This project began in October 2013 and is Ongoing
The National Coral Reef Monitoring Plan (NCRMP) is a framework for conducting sustained observations of biological, climate, and socioeconomic indicators at 10 priority coral reefs across the U.S. and its territories. This integrated approach will consolidate monitoring of coral reefs under a uniform method in the Pacific, Atlantic, Caribbean, and the Gulf of Mexico for the first time. NCRMP is funded by the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program and supported by NCCOS and many other partners.
Why We Care
Coral reefs are among the most valuable ecosystems on Earth, providing global populations with goods and services, including food, storm protection, and recreational opportunities. When coral reefs are threatened by climate change, unsustainable consumption, and land-based pollution, nearby communities and cultures are also at risk. NOAA’s Coral Reef Conservation Program has enlisted our support and that of other partners to stand watch over the condition of these fragile systems, including the people and communities closely connected to them.
The NCRMP provides a steady flow of scientific information required to track the health of coral reefs. This monitoring plan consists of a broad, overarching framework within which scientific research is conducted to achieve coral reef conservation. The four primary goals of NCRMP are:
Monitor the status and trends of coral reef ecosystems (including human communities),
Monitor and assess climate-related threats to coral reefs,
Provide a consistent flow of data and information to communities in coral reef jurisdictions, and
Foster partnerships to expand the scope and scale of coral reef monitoring.
What We Are Doing
We are co-leading biological monitoring missions with NOAA’s Southeast Fisheries Science Center (SEFSC) to gather data on fish populations and coral reef communities in the U.S. Caribbean, Florida, and the Gulf of Mexico. Each year, our scientists work closely with NOAA’s Coral Reef Conservation Program and local partners to collect biological data from thousands of strategically selected sites. We then use innovative analysis techniques to develop products that give fellow scientists, managers, decision makers and the public a better understanding of a region’s resources and how they are changing over time. Data, reports, and all products (e.g., maps, coral reef images) are available online. (For information on NCRMP biological monitoring in the Pacific, visit the homepage of the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Division listed below.)
We also support the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program’s efforts to study the social and economic conditions of communities that depend on coral reefs in seven U.S. states and territories. Socioeconomic topics we address include:
Use of coral reef resources, and
Knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of coral reefs and coral reef management actions
Our social scientists are using indicators—such as participation in coral reef activities, and population change and distribution near coral reefs—developed in consultation with stakeholders, partners, and other scientists to understand both the impacts of society on coral reefs and the contributions of healthy corals to nearby residents. These indicators will be measured through surveys of residents and the collection of existing socioeconomic data from secondary sources, such as the U.S. Census Bureau and local government agencies. This social component will be presented alongside biological and climate data to give a more robust picture of U.S. coral reef ecosystems and the communities connected to them.
Our data and products are essential tools for on-the-ground managers and decision makers charged with conserving these valuable resources for future generations. The products provide a spatial and socioeconomic framework to existing monitoring in the regions, and when combined, form a comprehensive view of coral reefs, related marine life, and adjacent human communities. Historically, our tools and capabilities have assisted coral reef states and territories in:
Evaluating marine protected areas,
Developing methodologies for measuring social and economic conditions,
Documenting how people use coral reef resources in coastal and marine areas,
Identifying the presence of endangered marine species,
Documenting the spread of invasive marine species,
Documenting and monitoring coral bleaching events, and
Responding to vessel grounding and damage to coral reefs.
To date, we have conducted the first NCRMP fish and invertebrate monitoring missions with SEFSC in the U.S. Virgin Islands and Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary. Our next round of biological monitoring will be conducted in Florida and Puerto Rico. These regional pairings will be monitored biennially. The first resident surveys were conducted for socioeconomic monitoring in south Florida and American Samoa. Communities in Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands will be surveyed next.
Related Regions of Study: Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, Pacific Ocean - Eastern, Pacific Ocean - Western, Florida, Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, Pacific Islands, Palmyra, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands
Primary Contacts: Maria Dillard, Randy Clark
Science for Coastal Ecosystem Management (Ecological Forecasts and Tools, Biogeographic Assessment, Marine Spatial Planning, Protected Species, Coral, Human Dimensions)
Related NCCOS Centers: CCMA, HML
- Friedlander, A.M., C.F.G. Jeffrey, S.D. Hile, S.J. Pittman, M.E. Monaco and C. Caldow (eds.). 2013. Coral reef
ecosystems of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands: Spatial and temporal patterns in fish and benthic communities (2001–
2009). NOAA Technical Memorandum 152. Silver Spring, MD. 150 pp.
- Lovelace, S., M. Dillard. 2012. Developing Social and Economic Indicators for Monitoring the U.S. Coral Reef Jurisdictions: Report from a Scientific Workshop to Support the National Coral Reef Monitoring Program. NOAA Hollings Marine Laboratory and NOAA Coral Reef Conservation. Charleston, SC. 25 pp.
- Pittman, S.J., S.D. Hile, C.F.G. Jeffrey, R. Clark, K. Woody, B.D. Herlach, C. Caldow, M.E. Monaco, R. Appeldoorn. 2010. Coral reef ecosystems of Reserva Natural La Parguera (Puerto Rico): Spatial and temporal patterns in fish and benthic communities (2001–2007). NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 107. Silver Spring, MD. 202 pp.
- Caldow, C., R. Clark, K. Edwards, S.D. Hile, C. Menza, E. Hickerson, and G.P. Schmahl. 2009. Biogeographic
Characterization of Fish Communities and Associated Benthic Habitats within the Flower Garden Banks National
Marine Sanctuary: Sampling Design and Implementation of SCUBA Surveys on the Coral Caps. NOAA Technical
Memorandum NOS NCCOS 81. Silver Spring, MD. 134 pp
- Pittman S.J., Hile S.D., Jeffrey C.F.G., Caldow C., Kendall M.S., Monaco M.E., and Hillis-Starr Z. 2008. Fish assemblages and benthic habitats of Buck Island Reef National Monument (St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands) and the surrounding seascape: A characterization of spatial and temporal patterns. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 71, Silver Spring, MD. 96 pp.
- Roberson, K., S. Viehman and R. Clark. 2014. Development of Benthic and Fish Monitoring Protocols for the Atlantic/Caribbean Biological Team: National Coral Reef Monitoring Program. Submitted to [NOAA's] Coral Reef Conservation Program. NOAA/NOS/NCCOS, SIlver Spring, MD. 48 pp.
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